Many types of Eau De Colognes are used today and this type of perfume is one of the most commonly used perfumes all over the world. Eau De Cologne has an interesting history and has been used for hundreds of years. Eau de Cologne is a type of perfume that is named after the German town of Cologne. Cologne today is the largest and most populous city in Rhine-Westphalia and one of the largest cities in Germany. This is a major western European city near the German border with France and millions of people visit Cologne every year for business and tourism.
History of Cologne
Cologne has an ancient history that dates back to the Roman Empire. This city is part of the trade routes in Europe on the banks of River Rhine and is a major cultural center in Rhineland. This city has been ruled by different empires and kingdoms of the past and was part of West Germany after WWII. People from all over Europe visited this city frequently. The history of the Eau De Cologne perfume starts in the 18th century when Giovanni Maria Farina was living in Cologne and was looking to develop a perfume for personal use.
Giovanni Maria Farina
Giovanni Maria Farina settled in Cologne which was part of the Duchy of Westphalia back then. Originally this settler was born and bred in Italy and it is to be believed that while living in Cologne, Farina was very homesick and was looking for ways to create something that reminded him of his hometown back in Italy. In 1709, he created the first Eau de Cologne and also founded the Johann Maria Farina Gegenuber dem Julichs-Platz GmbH which today is the oldest perfume factory in the world. He was granted citizenship in Cologne and to honor his city he named his perfume Eau de Cologne which became popular all across Europe and then the rest of the world. His family is still in the business of making Eau De Cologne even today.
Eau De Cologne – Water of Cologne
Eau De Cologne is a perfume that Farina made to remind him of Italy and it is a spirit citrus perfume and one of the best smelling perfume you can get under $100. This perfume was described by Giovanni Maria Farina to his brother John Batiste in the following way- “I have found a fragrance that reminds me of an Italian spring morning, of mountain daffodils and orange blossoms after the rain”. This poetic statement effectively represents the Eau de Cologne. The following are details about the Eau de Cologne invented by Farina which became popular all across Europe:
Formula and Composition of Eau de Cologne
The Eau de Cologne that was invented in 1709 by Farina had a fragrance concentration of 2% to 5 % and has a combination of essential oils along with other ingredients like alcohol, water, and various extracts and this cologne has an ethanol base. The citrus oils that have been included in Eau de Cologne include bergamot, Clementine, tangerine, orange, lime, lemon, bitter orange, blood orange, grapefruit, and tangerine. Besides citrus oils, Eau de Cologne also includes extracts and oils of ingredients like neroli, Italian herbs like rosemary, thyme, and oregano. It also has floral or leafy scents of lavender, petitgrain, jasmine, olive, oleaster and even hints of tobacco. This scent was created to remind Farina about the scent and smells of his homeland in Italy.
The Popularity of Eau De Cologne
Eau de Cologne was initially made by Farina so that it reminds him about Italy. However, it soon became very popular in Cologne and later in Europe. The Royal households all around Europe loved this perfume and used to buy vast quantities of this perfume from the company founded by Farina. One vial of Aqua Mirabilis was very expensive and the price of the perfume was almost worth half a year’s salary of a civil servant at that time. The factory in Obenmarspforten started production on a large scale and is today the oldest perfume factory in the world.
The Original Eau de Cologne 4711
A Carthusian Monk in 1792 made a gift of a perfume for a merchant called Wilhelm Muelhens. This secret recipe was then used by Muelhens to establish a perfume making factory in Cologne’s “Glockengasse” and the perfume was also called Eau de Cologne. The Farina family had been in dispute with the Muelhens for using the Farina name without authorization. They created the Original Eau de Cologne 4711 and Muelhen’s perfume company and the Farina perfume company co-existed in Cologne for hundreds of years. The perfume 4711 was recently bought by Maurer & Wirtz in 2006 and become a perfume under their brand.
Eau De Cologne by Guerlain
In the early 19th century the famous Perfume House of Guerlain sold their famous Eau de Guerlain perfume to Grand Duchess of Bade and also her majesty the Queen of Belgium. Guerlain made this type of perfume very popular and the Eau de Cologne Imperiale by Guerlain was presented to Princess Eugenie to celebrate her marriage to Napoleon III.
The Popularity of Eau de Colognes
There are thousands of Eau de Colognes in the market today as this has become a type of perfume instead of an individual perfume. The modern Eau de colognes are light and very casual style of perfumes. They can be worn with different types of outfits as daywear and during the evening. Eau de Colognes today include all the types of scents of the first Eau de Cologne but also have musky, woody and balsam notes to them. These colognes do not have a base note and mainly have top and middle notes in the perfume. Many famous brands sell Eau de Colognes today as there are some famous and luxurious perfume brands. Colonia by Acqua di Parma, Eau de Cologne by famous brands like Chanel and Dior are very popular all over the world.
Eau de Cologne is a great choice as a perfume and the above-mentioned history and the story behind it makes it a charming choice for people in the 21st century.